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Swollen Legs

Leg swelling, also known as “edema,” is a common problem that can affect adults of all ages, but is particularly prevalent in the senior population. Causes of leg swelling are numerous, ranging from sitting or standing for too long, to venous insufficiency in the lower extremities. Treatment of swollen legs can also vary, based on the cause of the problem and the patient’s medical history.

Possible Causes of Swollen Legs

There are many reasons why legs and feet might swell, including:

  • Long periods of sitting or standing, especially in hot or humid conditions
  • Weight gain that puts additional pressure and strain on lower legs and feet
  • Chronic venous insufficiency, caused by faulty valves in the veins of the legs
  • Chronic lung and heart diseases, which results in fluid buildup
  • Certain drugs, including hormones, hypertension medications and antidepressants
  • Too much salt in the diet, which may exacerbate edema that is already present

Treatment for swollen legs will in part be determined by the cause of the condition. That is why it is important to undergo a thorough evaluation by an experienced physician that can pinpoint the precise cause of the swelling and prescribe a treatment plan accordingly.

Treatment for Swollen Legs

In some cases, treatment for leg swelling can be as simple as eliminating the original cause of the edema. For example, stretching or walking during periods of sitting or standing can help reduce swelling caused by prolonged time on the feet. Weight loss programs can reduce the strain placed on lower extremities. Changes to medications may reduce swelling caused by specific drugs.

If the cause of the swelling can be attributed to a vein condition, there are also treatment options available. Chronic venous insufficiency, varicose veins and blood clots can all be effectively addressed to reduce symptoms and potential complications. Treatment may range from relatively non-invasive procedures like compression stockings, to surgical closure or removal of affected veins.

Leg swelling is not always serious, but it can be uncomfortable enough to get in the way of daily activities. If you are in the Boston area and are suffering from regular leg swelling, now is the time to contact Specialty Vein Care to learn more about the cause of your condition and available treatment options.